Every year on April 9
, the captured soldiers are honoured on Araw ng Kagitingan
("Day of Valour"), also known as the "Bataan Day", which is a national holiday
in the Philippines. During the 1980-1990's, the Boy Scouts of America [Philippine troop] would reenact this march every 2
years along a portion of the initial route in Bataan taken by the soldiers. The march was about 10 kilometers in length.
Sherma E. Benosa
The Dambana ng Kagitingan (The Shrine of Valor).
Standing mightily at the summit of Mount Samat 555 meters above sea level,
the Dambana ng Kagitingan is a fitting memorial to those young men and women who took up arms against the invading Japanese
forces. And, in this present day when the realities of what took place in that historic battle are now just part of the lessons
we learn from the pages of our history books, the shrine also stands as an apt reminder that six decades ago, fierce battles
were fought and thousands of lives were sacrificed to defend our freedom.
More popularly known as the Bataan Shrine, the Dambana ng Kagitingan,
designed by Lorenzo del Castillo and landscaped by Dolly Quimbo-Perez, is composed of a giant cross and a colonnade. Featuring
an altar, a museum, and an esplanade, the colonnade is surrounded with historical depictions, including a stained glass mural
by Cenon Rivera (design) and Vetrate D’arte Giuliani (execution); sculptural inscriptions and murals of the Battle of
Bataan by National Artist Napoleon Abueva; bronze insignias of USAFFE Division Units by Talleres de Maximo Vicente, Leonides
Valdez, and Angel Sampra and Sons; and bronze urns symbolizing eternal flame.
The Memorial Cross, a 92-meter marble, steel, and concrete structure, is composed of an elevator
and a thirty-meter long viewing gallery (the arms), from where tourists can have a breathtaking view of the sprawling Bataan
Peninsula, Corregidor Island, and Manila Bay. Its exterior, from the base up to about 11 meters, is capped with sculptural
bas reliefs depicting significant battles and historical events, also by Abueva
Manila Monument at Intramuros, Manila.
On 18 February 1995, the Shrine
of Freedom also known as Memorare Manila
Monument was erected in dedication and memory to the war victims. This
monument is located at the Plaza de Santa Isabel, also known as the Plaza Sinampalukan, located at the corner of General Luna
and Anda Streets in Intramuros, Manila. The inscription reads:
"This memorial is dedicated to
all those innocent victims of war, many of whom went nameless and unknown to a common grave, or even never knew a grave at
all, their bodies having been consumed by fire or crushed to dust beneath the rubble of ruins."
"Let this monument be the gravestone
for each and every one of the over 100,000 men, women, children and infants killed in Manila
during its battle of liberation, February 3 - March 3, 1945. We have not forgotten them, nor shall we ever forget."
"May they rest in peace as part now of the sacred ground of this city: the Manila
of our affectionsSource: Wikipedia
|The Battle of Layac Junction|
(Cebu) liberation park in Barangay Poblacion. was built
by the Jewens (Cabase) Construction w/ seven statues funded by the Philippine Tourism Authority and the Department of Tourism
@ P150,000 per statue. Hollow inside, the statues are made of fiberglass to protect them from corrosion
Talisay City, then a municipality
served as the center of guerrilla intelligence operations for the Philippine resistance movement in Cebu
during World War II. March 28 is now an official holiday in Cebu to commemorate the day in 1945 when the U.S. liberation forces
landed on the beaches of Talisay and were helped together with the Philippine Commonwealth forces and the Cebuano guerrillas,
an event that marked the eventual surrender of Japanese forces on Cebu.Source: Wikipedia
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