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Filipinos WW11 US Military Service

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Filipino WW2 U.S. Veterans Fight 4 Equity
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Guest Webpage: Japanese Holdouts

Soldier’s Home State/Country of (military) Record or State/Country of Residence:

California **

Hawaii *  

Oregon ***

Washington****

Philippines #

 

AUS- Army of the United States

BNR-Body Not Recovered

BR-Body Recovered

DOW- Died of Wounds

DSC-Distinguished Service Cross (54 recipients)

KIA-Killed in Action

MIA-Missing in Action

POW-Prisoner of War

PA Philippine Army, part of the United States.Armed Forces

PS-Philippine Scout, part of the United States Armed Forces

SWA-Seriously wounded in action by missile

USAFFE United States Armed Forces of the Far East; organized 12/1941 commanded by Gen Douglas MacArthur beginning 7/26/1941

WAS- Women’s Auxiliary Service

 

 

Units established in the United States -1st Filipino Inf Bn, 1st Filipino Inf Regt (“Laging Una”), 2nd Filipino Inf Bn, 2nd Filipino Inf Regt, 5217 Recon Bn, 5218th Recon Co and 978th Signal Service Co

Ist Recon Bn (“Come What May”)

 

 

 

 

Q

Basilio Queja * born 1922 Philippines; enlistment 8/15/1944

 

Celestino Queja * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Ismael Quempo * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Francisco Balquiedra Quesada born 1/29/1924 died 2/1/2008 @ a Henderson Nevada Hospital; Col.; w/ the troop that liberated a Japanese concentration camp in Laguna Philippines PMA 1944 grad; also in the Korean War with the U.N. Airlift Operations. postwar: tireless Filipino American Equity bill advocate; member Pres. Reagan’s U.S. Defense Committee; International Award American Legion; wrote a testimonial for Pilipino Chinese guerrillas called the “Ampaw” Unit of Col Chua Sy Tiao

 

Elario Questas born 8/6/1886 Philippines; died 2/5/1999; buried Hale Lana Church Cemetery Kahului, Maui Hawaii; also WW1 veteran Army Source: http://gravelocator.cem.va.gov; resident of Honokohau Valley Maui Source Honolulu Star Bulletin 2/15/1999 obit

WW1 Draft Reg residence: Maui; 1920 Maui Hawaii Census

 Additional notes on Mr. Questas: Source http://members.tripod.com/philippines/questas.htm by Nestor Palugod Enriquez, Pilipino online historian:  “Questas @ age 15 stowed away on a boat bound for Kauai (fr. the Philippines 1901-M.E.E.); “worked for Pioneer Mill in 1914” “fought two World Wars”

 

 Jaime Quevedo PS

 

Jose “Joe” Jaramillo Quevedo Sr. 1st Lt. USAFFE; Death March survivor; suffered shrapnel wound on his leg. Post war: did not continue his studies at the University of the Philippines in Baguio City. "Chief Joe" as he later became popularly known, gave up his dream of becoming a lawyer. Instead, he helped his hometown by serving as a public school teacher, municipal secretary, and long-time Chief of Police of Manaoag, Pangasinan where his father Geronimo Quevedo I has earlier served in the municipal council and where his son Jose Quevedo, Jr. had later served as Vice-Mayor of Manaoag. An older son Geronimo Quevedo II also served as a policeman in Manaoag and Urdaneta, Pangasinan; was chief investigator @ Balatoc Mines (Benguet Consolidated, Inc); founded Laoac Quevedo Anisca Elementary school from the land donated by his father & family (father  of Loreto Q. Dimaandal of Silicon Valley, California, a Filipino community advocate)

 

Antonio Quezon # born 1919 Philippines; POW in the Philippines 5/7/1942-4/3/1945; Pfc Army PS Inf

 

Joseph T. Quezon ** born 12/24/1911 Philippines; died 12/25/1992; buried Riverside (CA) National Cemetery; Army Pfc

 

Manuel Luis Molina Quezon # born 8/19/1878 Baler, Aurora, Philippines; died 8/1/1944 Saranac Lake, New York; remains buried in Arlington National Cemetery; re-interred in the Manila North Cemetery and then finally moved to Quezon Memorial Circle Philippines;  President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines under U.S; Major in the Philippine-American war as aide-de-camp of Philippine President Emilio Aguinaldo; evacuated to U.S during WW11; established the Commonwealth government in exile; Pacific War Council member; signed the U.N. declaration against the Axis Powers

 

Urbano Quijance # Maj 57th Inf (PS) B Co; S-3 Regtl Hq

 

Alejandro Quijano * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Alfredo Quijano # 57th Inf (PS) MSgt

 

Castor G. Quilang * born Philippines; died 8/19/1944; buried 1/26/1949 National Mem Cemetery of the Pacific; Merchant Marine Casualty

 

Ildefonso Quilang born Philippines; enlistment

 

Jose Quilang born Cagayan Philippines; enlistment

 

Joaquin Quilang born Cagayan Philippines; enlistment

 

Liborio Quilang war Casualty; died

 

Perfecto C. Quiming Sgt 1st Reconn Bn of Villasis Pangasinan Philippines

 

Corazon Quimpo Aklan chapter WAS

 

Barney A. Quinagon # Cpl 1st Reconn Bn of Vigan Ilocos Sur Philippines

 

H. Quines Lt

 

Emilio F. Quinto # 2nd Lt w/ Villamor (PRS) Philippine Regional Section; 1st Reconn Bn

 

Tomas Quiocho # Cpt died 2003 26th Cavalry Troop C (transferred from Troop A) PS

 

Richard Quireula * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Manuel Quizmundo Navy Casualty Ship’s Cook 1c from 10 Whitehead St. Tapinac Olongapo Zambales

 

Barney Quizon * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Benvennido “Barney” Quizon born 3/22/1925 Honolulu Hawaii; died 2/5/1995 Kapiolani Medical Center; buried Hawaii State Veterans Cemetery; Army Pfc 1st Filipino Inf ; post-war retired motor vehicle operator Hickam Air Force Base; boxer

 

 

R

Ernesto Rabago * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Jaime Ragasa * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Alex Raguini, Sr. 1st Fil Regt

 

Hilario Rambac * enlistment

 

Apolinario Ramelb 8/31/1942 MIA, Casualty; Army Pvt

 

Nemesio Domingo Ramelb * born 12/19/1919; died 5/18/1962; buried National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific; Army Pfc

 

Leocadio Ramento* Filipino Inf Regt

 

Alfredo Ramirez Col

 

Camilo Ramirez # PS; POW escapee; went to Australia; Filipino Regt; Paratrooper, Medic

 

Jaime A. Ramirez # TSgt 1st Reconn Bn of Urdaneta Pangasinan Philippines

 

Francisco Ramiro * enlistment

 

Alfred Ramo * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Benigno Ramos guerilla

 

Jose J. Ramos # Sgt 1st Reconn Bn

 

Melquides Ramos Pfc

 

Senen R. Ramos ** MSgt 1st Reconn Bn

 

Anacleto Rania # died 1942 Casualty Ft McKinley; Pvt Co G 57th Inf (PS)

 

Antonio Tolentino “Tony” Rania * born 12/23/1905 Philippines; died 3/10/1997 California; buried National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific; Pfc Filipino Inf Regt; post-war: ILWU Local 142 president

 

Marcos Raposas * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Epifanio Cabanca Ravano Navy Casualty Ship’s Cook 1c from 14 Bugallon St San Juan Rizal

 

Mariano Realin * born 7/28/1908 Philippines; died 4/1942 Navy Casualty; Officer’s Steward of 304 Dewey Ave Olongapo, Zambales

 

Augusto Roa Realuyo born 1/19/1921; died 4/25/2003 Manhattan Veterans Affairs Hospital; buried Calverton National Cemetery; Lt PA; Death March; POW 4/9/1942-8/4/1942; post-war became architect in NY; father of Bino Realuyo, well-known poet. Atty. Pompey Realuyo, Augusto’s brother unsuccessfully filed a lawsuit in Manhattan (NY) Federal Courthouse regarding Augusto’s desire to be buried @ the Arlington Cemetery

 

Mariano Rebaja Col. Death March POW

 

Gideon Frado Rebistes Navy Casualty Cook 2c from Banga Capiz

 

Fermin Reboja Navy Casualty Machinist’s Mate 1c from San Marcelino Zambales

 

Claro M. Recto (spy name Justice) working against Japanese, although he was the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines Puppet Republic, his two sons-in-law, Francisco Mata Gomez and Johnny Ysmael were with Rowe's group of guerrillas

 

Pedro Redor Tayabas guerrilla

 

Ceferino Regala Lt. Col. Bataan guerrilla

 

Cedo Regondola

 

Anastacio Relamida Navy Casualty Fireman 2c from Tagbilaran Bohol

 

Benjamin “Ben” Resella born 1917 Philippines; Philippine Army; Death March; POW survivor; Awards: WW11 Victory Medal, Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal, American Defense Medal, Philippine Defense Ribbon, Presidential Unit Emblem Ribbon;  postwar: 20th Century Fox art director, production designer, scenic supervisor, screenplay writer

 

Maximo Rey Navy Casualty Steward’s Mate 1c from 12 P. Esteban St. Caridad Cavite

 

Adriano M. Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Angel S. Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Angelo R. Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Bonifacio Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Carlos Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Cayetano Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Conrado C. Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

David O. Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Domingo Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Florencio Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Francisco Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Frederico Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Guillermo # Reyes POW born Philippines

 

Jose B.L. Reyes # guerrilla; POW; was tortured; born 8/19/1902 Manila; died 12/27/1994 Quezon City; buried Loyola Memorial Cemetery; post-war Associate Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court (1954-1972)

 

German V. Reyes 1st Sgt 1st Reconn Bn.

 

Manuel Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Marciano Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Maximino R. Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

N. Reyes Lt

 

Napoleon G. Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Patricio M. Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Paulo Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Pedro Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Recaredo Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Ricardo M. Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Romeo Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Salvador F. Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Sixto Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Teodorico Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Teodoro Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Vicente Abad C. Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Victoriano Reyes Navy Casualty Steward 2c from 209 Int 4 Beatta Pandacan Manila

 

Vidal Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Zacarias Reyes # POW born Philippines

 

Alfred Reynon * enlistment

 

Francis Reynon * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Florencio Ribucan * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Jacinto Ricafrente Navy Casualty Officer’s Cook 1c from 146 Burgos Caridad Cavite

 

Pastor A. Rillera # SSgt 1st Reconn Bn of San Fabian Pangasinan Philippines

 

Alejandro Rimando born La Union Philippines POW Casualty

 

Bimy T. Rimande ** born 1906 Philippines; enlistment 1/27/1944 LA Ca

 

Bernabe Ringor born Philippines POW

 

Mariano Ringor born Philippines POW

 

Prospero Q. Ringor born 6/25/1920; died 3/12/2007; buried Cayanga Cemetery San Fabian Pangasinan; Army Pvt; Co L. 57th Inf (PS); Bataan Defense post-war retired Maj. PA

 

Apolonio Rinen Army Pfc Hdqtrs Co 57th Inf Regt; Award: Distinguished Service Cross (for 1/ 9 /1942 Samal Bataan)

 

Agripino Larry Rivera * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Alfonso Rivera * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Corazon Dy Rivera nurse treated soldiers

 

Emeterio Rivera * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Fortunato C. Rivera # Cpl, 14th Infantry Regt Guerrilla 1942-1945 postwar: resident of Anaheim Ca

 

John Rivera * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Tony Rivera

 

Aldegundo Robles Sgt Army Co L 43d Inf Regt (PS); Award: Distinguished Service Cross (for 2/1/1942)

 

Eliodoro Gonzales Robles # born 7/3/1923 Paniqui, Tarlac; died 6/20/2004 Richmond, California; buried Rolling Hills Memorial Park; member Philippine resistance movement; postwar: 1st Lt. Phil Army, Deputy Director SEATO, Bangkok, SF Unified Sch District

Ramon Robles # Bulacan Hukbalahap guerrilla

Alejandro Roces Marking guerrilla in Rizal @ 15 yrs of age; brother of Rafael, Jr

Jose Roces guerrilla brother of Rafael, Jr

Rafael Roces Jr guerilla; Ft Santiago POW; executed 8/28/1944 w/ other guerrillas & buried @ Cementerio del Norte

Euniciano Rodriguez Zambales guerrilla

Juan A. Rodriguez # Cpl 1st Reconn Bn

 

Pedro Rodriguez Navy Casualty Fireman 4c from Lardizabal Interior 2 Sampaloc Manila

 

Gil S. Rojas 3/19/1925; died 2/14/2007

 

Faustino Roldan * enlistment

 

Leonardo Losado Romero born 1910 Philippines; died 10/8/1942; Merchant Marine Casualty ship- Stephen Hopkins; job-Utility

 

Max Romero Pfc USAFFE; Distinguished Service Cross

 

Miguel Romualdez # Cpt Philippine Army; Death March

 

Bayani Romulo post-war: lawyer

 

Carlos Pena Romulo # born 1/14/1899 Camiling Tarlac; died 12/15/1989 Manila Philippines; buried Libingan ng mga Bayani,Taguig MM Philippines; member of President’s War cabinet (1943-1944) ; Brig Gen Philippine Army 9/1944; member of U.S. Congress while serving as the  Resident Commissioner Commonwealth of the Philippines (1944-1946); landed w/ Gen McArthur in 10/1944 @ Leyte Philippines; U.N. Charter signatory; Pres. Gen Assembly, United Nations (1949-1950); Phil Foreign Affairs Secretary (1949-1951; 1969-1984) Phil Ambassador to U.S. (1952-53; 1955-1962); UP Pres., Sect of Education, diplomat, educator, author, editor,  publisher, etc recipient of 82 honorary degrees & 74 decorations  Awards & Decorations: Philippine Congressional Service Cross, Distinguished Service Star of the Philippines, Phil Gold Cross, Phil Silver Star, Phil Legion of Honor (Commander), Philippine Presidential Medal of Merit U.S. Presidential Medal of Freedom; Purple Heart; Pres Unit-Citation w/ 2 leaf Oak Cluster; Pulitzer Prize, International Journalism; UN Peace Medal

 

Joseph Ronia * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Marcial Ronquillo Navy Casualty Steward 2c from 119 Santo Nino St. San Fernando Pampanga

 

Abundeo Roponte * Filipino Inf Regt

 

Benitez Roque

 

Toribio Rosal Filipino Regt

 

Sabas Rosales Navy Casualty Cook 1c from San Fernando Pampanga

 

Leandro Rosario Lt.

 

Benito Rose ** born 1/8/1912; died 3/8/1993 San Francisco; buried in Golden Gate Nat Cemetery; Navy CS2, also served in Korean War; his son (Rudy) served in Vietnam War; his grandson (Christopher) died in Iraq

 

Federico Rosero Navy Casualty Machinist Mate 3c from 2 Inocencio St San Roque Cavite

 

Tomas Rosete * born 12/21/1899 Agno Pangasinan Philippines ; died 10/3/1944 Navy Casualty lost @ sea North of Morotai (between Phil & Indonesia aboard USS Seawolf (SS-197) sunk in error by USS Rowell; chief cook of USS Seawolf Awards: Purple Heart, Captain’s Meritorious Mast for Seawolf’s engagements with Japanese forces in 1942 (2/19, 2/25, 3/31, 4/1)

http://www.oneternalpatrol.com/rosete-t.htm

Additional Notes: other casualties included some Pilipinos among the seventeen U.S. Army passengers attached to the 1st Reconnaissance Battalion on their way to the East Coast of Samar, Philippines

 

Manuel Acuna Roxas # PA Brig General, later Pres of the Philippines; impersonated as a Japanese agent, but in reality a double agent fighting for the Philippine cause

 

Ramon Ruffy guerrilla; Maj from Bauan, Batangas prewar: Mindoro Philippine Constabulary provincial commander

 

Alejo Ruiz* Filipino Inf Regt

 

Julius B. Ruiz ****born 5/19/1907 Phil died 2/1973 Seattle Wash; Sgt 1st Reconn Bn, a historian & writer

 

Guillermo Rumingan # born 1925 Cabanatuan Nueva Ecija Philippines; Sfc PS Corps of Engineer; courier for Cpt. Juan Pajota; post-war: advocate for PhilAm Veterans Equity Rights

 

Felix Rupio * Filipino Inf Regt

 

                     Mi Ultimo Adios

Adios, Patria adorada, region del sol querida,
Perla del Mar de Oriente, nuestro perdido Eden!
A darte voy alegre la triste mustia vida,
Y fuera más brillante más fresca, más florida,
Tambien por tí la diera, la diera por tu bien.

En campos de batalla, luchando con delirio
Otros te dan sus vidas sin dudas, sin pesar;
El sitio nada importa, ciprés, laurel ó lirio,
Cadalso ó campo abierto, combate ó cruel martirio,
Lo mismo es si lo piden la patria y el hogar.

Yo muero cuando veo que el cielo se colora
Y al fin anuncia el día trás lóbrego capuz;
Si grana necesitas para teñir tu aurora,
Vierte la sangre mía, derrámala en buen hora
Y dórela un reflejo de su naciente luz.

Mis sueños cuando apenas muchacho adolescente,
Mis sueños cuando joven ya lleno de vigor,
Fueron el verte un día, joya del mar de oriente
Secos los negros ojos, alta la tersa frente,
Sin ceño, sin arrugas, sin manchas de rubor.

Ensueño de mi vida, mi ardiente vivo anhelo,
Salud te grita el alma que pronto va á partir!
Salud! ah que es hermoso caer por darte vuelo,
Morir por darte vida, morir bajo tu cielo,
Y en tu encantada tierra la eternidad dormir.

Si sobre mi sepulcro vieres brotar un dia
Entre la espesa yerba sencilla, humilde flor,
Acércala a tus labios y besa al alma mía,
Y sienta yo en mi frente bajo la tumba fría
De tu ternura el soplo, de tu hálito el calor.

Deja á la luna verme con luz tranquila y suave;
Deja que el alba envíe su resplandor fugaz,
Deja gemir al viento con su murmullo grave,
Y si desciende y posa sobre mi cruz un ave
Deja que el ave entone su cantico de paz.

Deja que el sol ardiendo las lluvias evapore
Y al cielo tornen puras con mi clamor en pos,
Deja que un sér amigo mi fin temprano llore
Y en las serenas tardes cuando por mi alguien ore
Ora tambien, Oh Patria, por mi descanso á Dios!

Ora por todos cuantos murieron sin ventura,
Por cuantos padecieron tormentos sin igual,
Por nuestras pobres madres que gimen su amargura;
Por huérfanos y viudas, por presos en tortura
Y ora por tí que veas tu redencion final.

Y cuando en noche oscura se envuelva el cementerio
Y solos sólo muertos queden velando allí,
No turbes su reposo, no turbes el misterio
Tal vez acordes oigas de citara ó salterio,
Soy yo, querida Patria, yo que te canto á ti.

Y cuando ya mi tumba de todos olvidada
No tenga cruz ni piedra que marquen su lugar,
Deja que la are el hombre, la esparza con la azada,
Y mis cenizas antes que vuelvan á la nada,
El polvo de tu alfombra que vayan á formar.

Entonces nada importa me pongas en olvido,
Tu atmósfera, tu espacio, tus valles cruzaré,
Vibrante y limpia nota seré para tu oido,
Aroma, luz, colores, rumor, canto, gemido
Constante repitiendo la esencia de mi fé.

Mi Patria idolatrada, dolor de mis dolores,
Querida Filipinas, oye el postrer adios.
Ahi te dejo todo, mis padres, mis amores.
Voy donde no hay esclavos, verdugos ni opresores,
Donde la fé no mata, donde el que reyna es Dios.

Adios, padres y hermanos, trozos del alma mía,
Amigos de la infancia en el perdido hogar,
Dad gracias que descanso del fatigoso día;
Adios, dulce extrangera, mi amiga, mi alegria,
Adios, queridos séres morir es descansar.

           Dr. Jose Rizal, 12/1896, Fort Santiago

                                

Ang Huling Paalam

                

                               Dr. José Rizal

Pinipintuho kong Bayan ay paalam,

Lupang iniirog ng sikat ng araw,

mutyang mahalaga sa dagat Silangan,

kaluwalhatiang sa ami'y pumanaw.

Masayang sa iyo'y aking idudulot

ang lanta kong buhay na lubhang malungkot;

maging maringal man at labis alindog

sa kagalingan mo ay aking ding handog.

Sa pakikidigma at pamimiyapis

ang alay ng iba'y ang buhay na kipkip,

walang agam-agam, maluag sa dibdib,

matamis sa puso at di ikahapis.

Saan man mautas ay dikailangan,

cipres o laurel, lirio ma'y patungan

pakikipaghamok, at ang bibitayan,

yaon ay gayon din kung hiling ng Bayan.

Ako'y mamamatay, ngayong namamalas

na sa silinganan ay namamanaag

yaong maligayang araw na sisikat

sa likod ng luksang nagtabing na ulap.

Ang kulay na pula kung kinakailangan

na maitina sa iyong liway-way,

dugo ko'y isabong at siyang ikinang

ng kislap ng iyong maningning na ilaw

Ang aking adhika sapul magkaisip

ng kasalukuyang bata pang maliit,

ay ang tanghaling ka at minsan masilip

sa dagat Silangan hiyas na marikit.

Natuyo ang luhang sa mata'y nunukal,

taas na ang noo't walang kapootan,

walang bakas kunot ng kapighatian

gabahid man dungis niyong kahihiyan.

Sa kabuhayang ko ang laging gunita

maningas na aking ninanasa-nasa

ay guminhawa ka ang hiyas ng diwa

hingang papanaw ngayong biglang-bigla.

pag hingang papanaw ngayong biglang-bigla.

Ikaw'y guminhawa laking kagandahang

akoy malugmok, at ikaw ay matanghal,

hiniga'y malagot, mabuhay ka lamang

bangkay ko'y masilong sa iyong Kalangitan.

Kung sa libingan ko'y tumubong mamalas

sa malagong damo mahinhing bulaklak,

sa mga labi mo'y mangyayaring itapat,

sa kaluluwa ko hatik ay igawad.

At sa aking noo nawa'y iparamdam,

sa lamig ng lupa ng aking libingan,

ang init ng iyong paghingang dalisay

at simoy ng iyong paggiliw na tunay.

Bayaang ang buwan sa aki'y ititig

ang iwanag niyang lamlam at tahimik,

liwayway bayaang sa aki'y ihatid

magalaw na sinag at hanging hagibis.

Kung sakasakaling bumabang humantong

sa krus ko'y dumapo kahit isang ibon

doon ay bayaan humuning hinahon

at dalitin niya payapang panahon.

Bayaan ang ningas ng sikat ng araw

ula'y pasingawin noong kainitan,

magbalik sa langit ng boong dalisay

kalakip ng aking pagdaing na hiyaw.

Bayaang sino man sa katotang giliw

tangisang maagang sa buhay pagkitil;

kung tungkol sa akin ay may manalangin

idalangin, Bayan, yaring pagka himbing.

Idalanging lahat yaong nangamatay,

mangagatiis hirap na walang kapantay;

mga ina naming walang kapalaran

na inihihibik ay kapighatian.

Ang mga bao't pinapangulila,

ang mga bilanggong nagsisipagdusa;

dalanginin namang kanilang makita

ang kalayaan mong, ikagiginhawa.

At kung an madilim na gabing mapanglaw

ay lumaganap na doon sa libinga't

tanging mga patay ang nangaglalamay,

huwag bagabagin ang katahimikan.

Ang kanyang hiwagay huwag gambalain;

kaipala'y maringig doon ang taginting,

tunog ng gitara't salterio'y mag saliw,

ako, Bayan yao't kita'y aawitin.

Kung ang libingan ko'y limat na ng lahat

at wala ng kurus at batang mabakas,

bayaang linangin ng taong masipag,

lupa'y asarolin at kauyang ikalat.

At mga buto ko ay bago matunaw

maowi sa wala at kusang maparam,

alabok ng iyong latag ay bayaang

siya ang babalang doo'y makipisan.

Kung magka gayon na'y aalintanahin

na ako sa limot iyong ihabilin

pagka't himpapawid at ang panganorin

mga lansangan mo'y aking lilibutin.

Matining na tunog ako sa dingig mo,

ilaw, mga kulay, masamyong pabango,

ang ugong at awit, pag hibik sa iyo,

pag asang dalisay ng pananalig ko.

Bayang iniirog, sakit niyaring hirap,

Katagalugang ko pinakaliliyag,

dinggin mo ang aking pagpapahimakas;

diya'y iiwan ko sa iyo ang lahat.

Ako'y patutungo sa walang busabos,

walang umiinis at berdugong hayop;

pananalig doo'y di nakasasalot,

si Bathala lamang dooy haring lubos.

Paalam, magulang at mga kapatid

kapilas ng aking kaluluwa't dibdib

mga kaibigan bata pang maliit

sa aking tahanan di na masisilip.

Pag pasasalamat at napahinga rin,

paalam estranherang kasuyo ko't aliw,

paalam sa inyo, mga ginigiliw;

mamatay ay siyang pagkakagupiling!

 

                    My Last Farewell

Farewell, my adored Land, region of the sun caressed,
Pearl of the Orient Sea, our Eden lost,
With gladness I give you my Life, sad and repressed;
And were it more brilliant, more fresh and at its best,
I would still give it to you for your welfare at most.

         On the fields of battle, in the fury of fight,
Others give you their lives without pain or hesitancy,
The place does not matter: cypress laurel, lily white,
Scaffold, open field, conflict or martyrdom's site,
It is the same if asked by home and Country.

         I die as I see tints on the sky b'gin to show
And at last announce the day, after a gloomy night;
If you need a hue to dye your matutinal glow,
Pour my blood and at the right moment spread it so,
And gild it with a reflection of your nascent light!

         My dreams, when scarcely a lad adolescent,
My dreams when already a youth, full of vigor to attain,
Were to see you, gem of the sea of the Orient,
Your dark eyes dry, smooth brow held to a high plane
Without frown, without wrinkles and of shame without stain.

         My life's fancy, my ardent, passionate desire,
Hail! Cries out the soul to you, that will soon part from thee;
Hail! How sweet 'tis to fall that fullness you may acquire;
To die to give you life, 'neath your skies to expire,
And in your mystic land to sleep through eternity !

         If over my tomb some day, you would see blow,
A simple humble flow'r amidst thick grasses,
Bring it up to your lips and kiss my soul so,
And under the cold tomb, I may feel on my brow,
Warmth of your breath, a whiff of your tenderness.

         Let the moon with soft, gentle light me descry,
Let the dawn send forth its fleeting, brilliant light,
In murmurs grave allow the wind to sigh,
And should a bird descend on my cross and alight,
Let the bird intone a song of peace o'er my site.

         Let the burning sun the raindrops vaporize
And with my clamor behind return pure to the sky;
Let a friend shed tears over my early demise;
And on quiet afternoons when one prays for me on high,
Pray too, oh, my Motherland, that in God may rest I.

         Pray thee for all the hapless who have died,
For all those who unequalled torments have undergone;
For our poor mothers who in bitterness have cried;
For orphans, widows and captives to tortures were shied,
And pray too that you may see you own redemption.

         And when the dark night wraps the cemet'ry
And only the dead to vigil there are left alone,
Don't disturb their repose, don't disturb the mystery:
If you hear the sounds of cithern or psaltery,
It is I, dear Country, who, a song t'you intone.

         And when my grave by all is no more remembered,
With neither cross nor stone to mark its place,
Let it be plowed by man, with spade let it be scattered
And my ashes ere to nothingness are restored,
Let them turn to dust to cover your earthly space.

         Then it doesn't matter that you should forget me:
Your atmosphere, your skies, your vales I'll sweep;
Vibrant and clear note to your ears I shall be:
Aroma, light, hues, murmur, song, moanings deep,
Constantly repeating the essence of the faith I keep.

         My idolized Country, for whom I most gravely pine,
Dear Philippines, to my last goodbye, oh, harken
There I leave all: my parents, loves of mine,
I'll go where there are no slaves, tyrants or hangmen
Where faith does not kill and where God alone does reign.

         Farewell, parents, brothers, beloved by me,
Friends of my childhood, in the home distressed;
Give thanks that now I rest from the wearisome day;
Farewell, sweet stranger, my friend, who brightened my way;
Farewell, to all I love. To die is to rest.

                                                            Jose Rizal

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