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Filipinos WW11 US Military Service

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Filipino WW2 U.S. Veterans Fight 4 Equity
WW11 Merchant Mariners Fight 4 Equity
Library of Congress Oral History
J. Wertz: Writer Seeking 1941-1942 Filvets
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War Diary of Ramon Alcaraz
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Historical Notes
Photo Correction: Death March
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Guest Webpage: Manuel L. Quezon
Guest Webpage: New Mexico Nat. Guards
Guest Webpage: Mexican Air Force in the Philippines
Guest Webpage: Japanese Memorials
Guest Webpage: Japanese Occupation
Guest Webpage: Japanese Holdouts

Soldier’s Home State/Country of (military) Record or State/Country of Residence:

California **

Hawaii *  

Oregon ***

Washington****

Philippines #

 

AUS- Army of the United States

BNR-Body Not Recovered

BR-Body Recovered

DOW- Died of Wounds

DSC-Distinguished Service Cross (54 recipients)

KIA-Killed in Action

MIA-Missing in Action

POW-Prisoner of War

PA Philippine Army, part of the United States.Armed Forces

PS-Philippine Scout, part of the United States Armed Forces

SWA-Seriously wounded in action by missile

USAFFE United States Armed Forces of the Far East; organized 12/1941 commanded by Gen Douglas MacArthur beginning 7/26/1941

WAS- Women’s Auxiliary Service

 

 

Units established in the United States -1st Filipino Inf Bn, 1st Filipino Inf Regt (“Laging Una”), 2nd Filipino Inf Bn, 2nd Filipino Inf Regt, 5217 Recon Bn, 5218th Recon Co and 978th Signal Service Co

Ist Recon Bn (“Come What May”)

 

 

Ea-Er

Bonifacio Ebanez * Filipino Inf Regt

Desiderio Ebreo

Alfonso Echavarre Pvt Troop E 26th Cavalry PS

Florencio Echaluce ST2c Navy Casualty 3/1/1942 from Libag Albay

Candido Edrozo born Philippines; Army Sgt. Co H 45th Inf Regt; KIA; Distinguished Service Cross ( for 2/12/1942; posthumous)

Francis Eharis * Filipino Inf Regt

John Eharis * Filipino Inf Regt

Paulino Ejaype OST1c Navy Casualty 12/15/1942 USS Shark; from 31 C. Mapa St Iloilo

Esteban Elgario Officer’s Chief Cook Navy Casualty from Nabua Camarines Sur

Jose Eliares # PS

Eligio Elias Pvt Troop C 26th Cavalry PS

Avelino Elido born 1922 Philippines

Juan Elizalde guerilla; from family of the wealthy Elizaldes of Manila

Feliciano Elvina POW; Casualty died Navy Officer’s Steward 3c from 1219 Leveriza Malate Manila; (formerly survivor of USS Squalus SS-192 on 5/23/1939 Navy Matt 1c)

Benjamin "Ben" Valdez Embry # Pvt Troop C 26th Cavalry PS; Death March, POW was born on October 5, 1924 in Paniqui, Tarlac, Philippines, the second son of Valentina Valdez and 2nd Lt. Thomas Embry. His father was a US Army veteran of Spanish-American and Philippine-American wars. On February 21, 1941 when he was 16 years & 4 months old, Benjamin enlisted in the 26th Cavalry Troop C PS thru the complicity of the U.S. military recruiter in the the absence of his parent’s consent (and knowledge) simply because he wanted to ride a horse with the cavalry, don cool military uniforms, wristwatch and boots with a gun etc. Well, Benjamin got what he prayed for-King (#5250) was his horse’s name and more… like, play soldier with real men in a real (Duh!) war. His military enlistment record was appropriately noted in the following manner:" Civil Occupation-Actor (Motion picture actor) or Director, Motion Picture (Motion picture director) or Entertainer". His date of birth was also appropriately altered- October 7, 1920. Child labor law was conveniently suspended by the recruiter, not only for Benjamin’s sake, but also for other recruits. Benjamin’s term of enlistment is one year of military service.

Now, what to do when you find yourself in the midst of a real war? Well, play the role of a soldier, of course, like they do in the movies and more. When the Japanese landed in the Philippines, Pvt. Benjamin Embry was sent to the Cagayan Valley on a military mission with five other (older?) soldiers. Benjamin’s recollection of their names… Figeroa, Maliklik or Maliksi, Laksima? However, the group got lost on the way to Isabela and so they decided to look for their comrades in a place like Bataan. Now, talk about someone who would be in the wrong place at the wrong time! But then again, this is my father, whose intrepidity or ability to get in to unusual circumstances is rather legendary amongst his peers. Additionally, like most of his generation, Benjamin has an unshakable faith in the United States military might and power. The defeat of the U.S. colonial Philippine government, the Death March, the Japanese Occupation are not in the horizon. Gen MacArthur’s proclamation that "Help is on the way from the United States. Thousands of troops and hundreds of planes are being dispatched, etc." is biblical truth to Pilipinos and Americans soldiers alike. Anyways, on Jan 2, 1942 Benjamin arrived in Bataan by boat and joined PS 26th Cavalry Troop B. Benjamin’s recollection of this event-Captain Cunningham dying in Bataan; 1st Sgt Brower, Charlie Patton, William, a large black soldier, etc.. The rest, like they say is history and hell and hell and pure hell. Two hundred fifty 26th Cavalry horses and forty eight pack mules went down in military saga and lore as slaughtered and eaten by the Pilipino and American soldiers during the late period of starvation, after all other methods of food forages had been exhausted in Bataan. In the Philippines the realities of a war, more brutal and devastating than in any other place in the world, begin to unfold. Miraculously, Benjamin, albeit in a weakened condition, survived the horrors of the Siege of Bataan and the Bataan Death March when he was just seventeen and a half years old. On April 9, 1942, Benjamin was also miraculously kept at the Camp O’Donnel Prisoners of War Concentration Camp instead of being sent to the more horrifying hellholes in Cabanatuan or University of Santo Tomas, after convincing the Japanese that he is of Spanish and not of American descent. On July 29, 1942 he was paroled, ill with malaria and bronchitis, after his Spanish mestiza mother vouched to the Japanese that Benjamin is of Spanish and not of American descent. The Spanish, the colonial ruler of the Philippines before the United States, were favored by the Japanese, simply because of the old adage that "your enemy is my friend"

On October 20, 1944 Gen MacArthur did return as he had promised to the Pilipinos, the loyalty and devotion of most of his soldiers undiminished. The Philippines subsequently was liberated from the Japanese military rule and occupation. Until he was honorably discharge from U.S. military service on February 28, 1945, Benjamin served with Co D 2nd MP Battalion PS in Buenlag, Calasiao, Pangasinan. Thomas Embry died on September 18, 1948, his death hastened by difficulties suffered during the war. The Embrys are grateful to the residents of Paniqui for not revealing Thomas hiding place to the Japanese military, although the war impoverished townspeople could significantly profit financially from giving such information.

What about Benjamin’s post war life and career? No, he did not become a movie actor or director, but he became an amateur boxer, Paniqui police officer, and security chief at the sugar mills & plantation of the Estrella-Cojuangcos (first cousins of Ponciano Estrella Del Valle, his father-in-law). He also went with his young family and tended his in-laws homestead abaca (Manila hemp) & fruit plantation in Kidapawan, Cotobato for three years. Significantly, Benjamin from two marriages and two relationships became the father of four boys and twelve girls, an event probably more turbulent than his experiences as a Death March and POW survivor combined.

Additional Notes: Benjamin was called "mestisong bangus" (Caucasian half-breed) by the 26th Cavalry personnel Source: Captain Menandro Parazo to Maria Elizabeth Del Valle Embry 5/30/2004 phone conversation)

View Benjamin Embry’s genealogical history @

http://paniqui_embry.tripod.com

Joseph Valdez Embry born 5/4/1929 Paniqui Tarlac; "New Scouts"; enlisted 8/1946; served in the Medical Dept of Mercy Hospital Okinawa until 3/1949; re-enlisted in the Army during the Korean War, but was not sent to the War theatre; retired after 28 years of military service; younger brother of Benjamin http://paniqui_embry.tripod.com

Patricio Emi # Major Cavite & Mindoro guerrilla

Arsenio Emperial Pfc Troop C 26th Cavalry PS, was also w/ Troop A (wife Avelina died 8/29/1933 was buried @ Ft. Stotsenburg Philippines

Victor Encarnado Coxswain Navy Casualty 12/10/1941 from Bacoor Cavite

Ireneo Basas Encina Pfc born 8/25/1927 Tanauan Leyte; died 4/14/2005 Panorama City California; enlisted 7/31/1946 "New Scouts" MP Philippines & Guam discharged 4/29/1949 8149th Service Unit

Manuel P. Enriquez Maj

Nicholas Enriquez Alamo Scouts

Manuel Enriquiez Cpt guerrilla, took over after Lt. Col Nakar was captured & executed

Pedro Enriquez MM2c Navy Casualty 12/10/1941 from 39 J Ocampo Bacoor Cavite

Elpidio A. Encio born 9/2/1925; died 10/30/2005 Kahuku Hawaii; member WW2 FilAm Vet Hawaiian Chapter; Am Legion Post 10850 Honolulu ; Service officer VFW; SS# issued California

Romy Entac born 1919 Philippines; 57th Inf (PS) G Co Machine Gun Platoon; Death March survivor; Award: Purple Heart

Pedro Entera Mess Attendant Navy Casualty; from Cebu

Alfredo Erece * Filipino Inf Regt

Julio "Jay" Ereneta,

born 1/2/1902 in Iloilo, Philippines; at age 17 signed on as pantry boy aboard the Danish ship Selandia for a trip w/ Philippine Gov. General Francis B. Harrison; arr Ellis Island on 2/2/1919; enlisted 2/18/1919 in the Navy; served in the USS Eider (Minesweeper #17) in the WW1 North Sea minefields. He went to Navy Radio School and became an Aviation Squadrons air crewman during WW11 & a Chief Warrant Officer in 1943; Solomon Island Campaign (1942-1944); Philippine Visayan Liberation (1945). A flyweight boxer in Naval Boxing competitions, he retired in 1949. He had a remarkable trend-setting career path and when he died 4/15/2005 @ 103 yrs old in San Diego, California he had outlive his contemporaries. buried Mount Hope Cemetery San Diego; Awards: WW1 Victory Medal, WW1 75th Anniversary Medal. (plenty of online photos; I’ve listed some weblinks here notes by M.E.Embry

Sources: http://filipinosgone2ellis-island.tripod.com

http://www.filipinohome.com/03_09_01ereneta.html by Nestor Palugod Enriquez, Pilipino online historian

http://articles.latimes.com/2005/apr/29/local/me-ereneta29

http://www.search.com/images?q=survivor+china (website has several photos)

http://www.ussutah.org/2004_reunion.htm

http://www.webshots.com/explains/news/warrant-officer.html

http://news.webshots.com/photo/1163024234054062406WIPsWU

Source: http://www.soledadmemorial.com/web/pages/plaque_locator.php?wall=1&ln=e

also honored @ Mount Soledad Memorial La Jolla California located @ wall E Facing East Row 2 Plaque 50

Theopilo Ermetano * Filipino Inf Regt

Miguel Erne Pvt Troop E 26th Cavalry PS

Es-Ez

Anheal Escalante * Filipino Inf Regt

Leo Escalona E 6; 1942-1944

William Escalona *

Rafael G. Escanilla MSgt

Eulalio Escobedo Mess attendant 1c Navy Casualty 9/15/1942; from Gubat Sorsogon

Antonio Escoda # Col; Casualty; POW @ Ft. Santiago by Japanese Forces 6/1944; beheaded w/ Brg Gen Vicente Lim in 1945; Josefa, his wife was also arrested & was never seen again after 1/6/1945

Dionisio Escuro STM1c Navy Casualty 3/1/1942; from Navua Camarines Sur

Mario Esguerra born San Fernando Pampanga; Maj.

Procopio Esguerra # PS

Juan Eslava Pfc Troop F 26th Cavalry PS

Salvador Espalana * Filipino Inf Regt

Elpidio Espejo OCk1c Navy Casualty; from Mayantoc Tarlac

Pio P. Espeso born 7/11/1919; died 10/18/2007; SS issued Michigan

Jose A. Espino Pvt Troop F 26th Cavalry PS

Romeo Espino Col. post-war: Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines

Basilio Espinosa Sgt Troop F 26th Cavalry PS

Daniel Espiritu STM1c Navy Casualty 12/10/1941; from Santa Rita Olongapo Zambales

Dionicio Espiritu; Army Inf

Gavino F. Espiritu born 4/4/1914; died 7/24/1995; buried Hawaii State Veterans Cemetery; Pfc Army Inf

Ovidio P. Espiritu born 1922 Olongapo Zambales; arr. Sf California via USAT SS Gen M.M. Patrick 8/7/1947

Pablo P. Espiritu born 8/17/1917; died 1/12/1997; buried Santo Nino Memorial Park Naga Camarines Sur; Pvt Army; Corps of Engr; also Korean War veteran

Tedoro P. Espiritu; enlisted PS 9/4/1946

Dionisio Esquirra * Filipino Inf Regt

Catalino M. Estabillo ** born 2/6/1904 Phil; died 4/23/1985 buried East Union Cemetery San Joaquin Ca. Pfc Army

Mauro Estabillo Gunner’s Mate 1c Navy Casualty 6/4/1942 from Aliaga Nueva Ecija

Norman Estabillo * Filipino Inf Regt

Urbano P. Estabillo born 5/26/1926; died 12/26/1999; buried South East Lawn Memorial Park Stockton California; PS

Leon Estares # commander Nueva Ecija Hukbalahap guerrilla

George Esteban * Filipino Inf Regt

Joe Estero Cpl (New Scout) 45th Inf & 44th Inf (PS); died 8/10/2008 Makati

Faustino Estigoy Filipino Regt

Federico Estipona Cpl Troop E 26th Cavalry PS

Richard Estipona Jr born 3/31/1920; died 1/22/1977 Chicago Illinois; buried Long Island National Cemetery; enlisted Queens NY; SSgt Army; listed 1930 census Kings NY

Andrew Mabalot Estoista Sr Pvt; born 2/22/1910; died 12/2/1986 Sacramento California; enlisted Sacramento California 11/21/1942

Florencio Estoista born 7/27/1905 Philippines; died 4/20/1971 San Francisco California; buried Golden Gate National Cemetery; Coast Guard SDC; SS# issued Connecticut; also Korean War Veteran

Enrique Estrada PS, also Korean War veteran Source Joseph Embry

Mateo Estrada born Philippines; died 1942 POW Casualty Navy Fireman 1c from Agoo, La Union

Leon Estares # commander Nueva Ecija Hukbalahap guerrilla

Alvin Estrella * Filipino Inf Regt

Justiniano Estrella guerrilla

Pedro Euperio Pfc Co E. 26th Cavalry Regt (PS); Award: Distinguished Service Cross (for1/16/1942)

Vincente Eustacio # guerrilla

Alfred Evangelista * Filipino Inf Regt

Juan Evangelista OST3c Navy Casualty; born 9/8/1907 Philippines; died 1/16/1942; from 7 Castellar St San Roque Cavite; buried PhilippinesSS# issued Hawaii; wife Juliana Tena

Reymundo Evangelista Pvt Troop F 26th Cavalry PS

Fa-Fe

David Fabella born Banton Romblon; stowed away in Wolverine State, a ship to U.S. in 1920s; Merchant Marine; post war: G.I. bill Columbia University; later moved to New Orleans & owned restaurant in French Quarter& apartment he called Fa Bella

Agapito Fabra born 3/27/1903 San Narciso, Zambales Philippines; died 2/11/1942 USS Shark (SS-174) sunk east of Menado, Celebes probably sunk by depth charge attack; Casualty Navy Officer’s Steward 3c; resident of San Narciso Zambales; SS# issued Hawaii; Award: Purple Heart

Alex De Leon Fabros, Sr ** born 11/13/1903 Bayambang Pangasinan died 11/22/1999 Salinas California 1st Filipino Regt Public Info Officer; Philippine Civil Affairs Team #3 (landed in Leyte 10/20/1944, then combat action in the Philippines) retired 1962 US Army; retired 1984 Civil Service, a journalist & labor activist

Miguel L. Fajarado born Philippines; died 7/11/1942 Casualty Merchant Marine; Oiler; ship-Stanvac Palembang

Albino Fajardo born 12/15/1906 Philippines; died 12/1941; Casualty Navy Steward 1c; resident of Nabua Camarines Sur

Cloduldo Fajardo Sgt Troop C 26th Cavalry PS

Agapito "Pete" Fajotina Sr SD3 Navy

Alejo Placido "Alex" Fajotina, Sr. * Navy Ck3; POW survivor of USS Perch SS 176 that was in a depth charge attack; born 7/17/1909 San Felipe Zambales died 4/29/1997 Tripler Hospital Hawaii; buried Mililani Memorial Park; SS# issued Maryland

Abraham Del Pilar Faller Pvt 57th Inf C Co; father of Dr. Nenita Faller-Miller

Leoncio Faraon Lt. Dentist guerilla POW

Manuel Faraon guerilla Casualty, son of Dr. Leoncio

Pablo Faraon guerilla, son of Dr. Leoncio

Herminio Farinas born 4/14/1927 Philippines; died 7/5/1997 Philippines; buried Philippines; Navy SD1, also Korean & Vietnam Wars veteran

Lucio Farinas born Philippines; postwar resident of Hawaii

Democrito Academia Fedalizo Casualty Death March; father of Editha Bernardino Fedalizo of Canada who was born posthumously

Severs Sadang Fedalizo USN born 11/4/1902; died 1/17/2000 buried Mt. Hope Cemetery Morgan Hill Ca

Emiliano Felicitas Pvt Troop F 26th Cavalry PS

Alfredo Rosario Feliz Navy Casualty Cook2c; resident of Hermuza Bayambang Pangasinan

Ambrosio Fernandez died 5/12/1944; Casualty Gudgeon (SS-211) sunk off Saipan; Navy; Steward’s Mate 2c from Baliwasen St. Zamboanga

Candido Fernandez Navy Machinist’s Mate 2c POW from Tolentino-Osmena Sts. San Francisco del Monte, Quezon City Philippines

Felipe Fernandez Cpl, later Sgt Troop E 26th Calvalry (PS); retired Cpt Award: Silver Star

Jose Fernandez #

Primo Fernandez * Filipino Inf Regt

Angel R. Ferrer physician Cpt USAFFE 22nd Regimental Surgeon 23rd Inf 21st Div

Felipe Ferrer Navy Casualty Steward3c from Oroqueta Blumenrit Manila

Jaime Ferrer

Juanito Ferrer PMA, later guerrilla

Manuel Ferrer Navy Casualty Officer’s Cook 1c; from Tagudin Mountain Prov

Fi-Fz

Figeroa # 26th Cavalry Troop

Dan Figuracion SFC 26th Calvalry (PS)

Dominador Figuracion Pvt Troop F 26th Cavalry PS

Alfredo Filart Lt

Alejo P. Filomeno Filipino Inf Regt

Guillermo A. Flores born 3/6/1923; died 9/23/2004 Modesto California; buried San Joaquin Valley National Cemetery enlisted 9/1941 Pvt 92nd Coast Artillery Battery C; POW

Guillermo Flores # Brig Gen Casualty; died

Jose Flores * Filipino Inf Regt

Pedro Flores Navy Casualty Cook 1c from Indang Cavite

Santiago Flores born Philippines; died 5/24/1943 Casualty Merchant Marine Steward

Zacarias Flores Pvt Troop C 26th Cavalry PS

Felicisimo Florese Navy Casualty Steward’s 2c from Nabua Camarines Sur

Marcelo P. Fontanoz # SSgt 1st Reconn Bn of Naguilian La Union Philippines

Basilio Fontillas born 6/13/1909 Castillejos Zambales Philippines; died 5/28/2003 Daly City California; PS defense of Corregidor; also Korean War veteran; 31 yrs military service; retired 1973 after 40 yrs government service

Emilio Fortuno * 1st Filipino Inf

Fred Foz # Major 45th Inf Regt Bataan Defense

Antonio Fragio * Filipino Inf Regt

Amos Francia # Cpt., PMA grad from Bulacan; w/ Panay guerillas; Signal

Antonio Francisco guerrilla in Zambales

Benito M. Francisco 3rd Lt. 41st Inf 41st Div (Source: Special Order #176 dated 8/3/1941 from Commonwealth of the Philippines by command of Maj Gen Valdes calling reserve officers to active duty effective 8/28/1941, a copy given by Mariles, daughter of retired Guam SC Judge Ramon V. Diaz to M.E. Embry 3/2010)

Esteban Mateo Francisco ** born 8/1/1905; died 9/25/1951 buried Golden Gate Nat Cemetery, Army Pvt

Felipe Francisco # Lt Hq Troop 26th Calvalry (PS)

Guillermo B. Francisco # Maj Gen commander 2nd Inf Div

Jose Francisco Maj

Guillermo B. Francisco # Brig Gen

Urbano Mateo Francisco ** born 5/25/1907 died 6/10/1964 buried Golden Gate Nat Cemetery Sgt. Army, 1st Reconn Bn, composer of the Regimental song "On to Bataan" also Korean War Veteran

Jesus R. Franco # born 3/16/1920 Intramuros Manila died 7/17/2006 Vallejo California Colonel. 26th Cavalry PS Death March, POW escapee, Guerilla Awards: Silver Star, DSC, Medal for Honorable Service while POW, (3) Purple Hearts Medal, later Vallejo California resident Source: Juni Ranillo Ang Panahon 11/11/2004 page

Lorenzo Frias Pvt

Jaime Fuerte * Filipino Inf Regt

Ben Fulion * Filipino Inf Regt

Furagganan Lt. executed @ Muntinlupa 2/4/1945

To the Philippine Scouts


The desperate fight is lost; the battle is done.
The brown lean ranks are scattered to the breeze.
Their cherished weapons rusting in the sun.
Their moldering guidons hidden by the leaves.
No more the men who did not fear to die
Will plug the broken line while through the din
Their beaten comrades raise the welcome cry,
“Make way, make way, the Scouts are moving in!”

The jungle takes the long defended lines
The trenches erode; the wires rust away,
The lush dank grasses and the trailing vines
Soon hide the human remains of the fray.
The Battle ended and the story told
To open to the Scouts as they unfold
The tired little soldiers enter in.

The men who were besieged on every side
Who knew the dissolution of retreat
And still retained their fierce exultant pride
And still were soldiers—even in defeat,
Now meet the veterans of ten thousand years
Now find a welcome worthy of their trade
From men who fought with crossbows and with spears
With bullet and with arrow and with spade.

The grizzled veterans of Rome built upon
The Death-head horde of Attila the Hun
The Yellow Horror of the greatest Khan
The guardsmen of the First Napoleon
All the men in every nameless fight
Since first Man strove against Man to prove his worth
Shall greet the tired Scouts as is their right
No finer soldiers ever walked the Earth.

And then the Scouts will form to be reviewed
Each scattered unit now once more complete
Each weapon and each bright crisp flag renewed
And high above the cadence of their feet
Will come the loud clear virile welcoming shout
From many throats, before the feasts begin,
Their badge of Honor mid their comrades rout—
“Make way, make way, the Scouts are moving in!”

Written by 1st Lt. Henry Lee, 12th Military Police Company, during the Battle of Bataan. Lt. Lee was taken prisoner when Bataan fell and perished in the sinking of a Japanese “Hell Ship” Oryoko Maru transporting American POWs to Japan towards the end of WWII.

Source: http://www.philippine-scouts.org/the-scouts/scout-recollections/poem-to-the-philippine-scouts.html

 

 


Two Sides of War (All Wars)

"All wars are planned by older men
In council rooms apart,
Who call for greater armament
And map the battle chart.

But out along the shattered field
Where golden dreams turn gray,
How very young the faces were
Where all the dead men lay.

Portly and solemn in their pride,
The elders cast their vote
For this or that, or something else,
That sounds the martial note.

But where their sightless eyes stare out
Beyond life's vanished toys,
I've noticed nearly all the dead
Were hardly more than boys."

                    by Grantland Rice

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