Filipinos WW11 US Military Service

Names Q-R

Names A
Names B
Names C
Names D
Names E-F
Names G
Names H-K
Names L
Names M
Names N-O
Names P
Names Q-R
Names S
Names T
Names U-Z
Philippine Scouts (OLD)
Philippine Commonwealth Army
USAFFE Philippine Division
Recognized Guerrillas
Philippine Military Academy 1940
Hukbalahaps in WW2
(NEW) Philippine Scouts
Ethnic Minorities in WW2
Filipino Muslims in WW2
Filipino-Chinese in WW2
The Pinays in WW2
Medal of Honor
Distinguished Service Cross
Silver Star
Bronze Star Medal
Purple Heart
Prisoner of War Medal
Military Unit Award
Phil Defense Medal
Congressional Gold Medal for POWs
Memorials in the Philippines
Memorials in California
Memorials in Florida
Memorials in Hawaii
Memorials in Illinois
Memorials in Indiana
Memorials @ Ft. Riley Kansas
Memorials in Minnesota
Memorials in New Mexico
Memorials in Ohio
Memorials in Texas
Memorials in Washington State
Memorial in Israel
Filipino WW2 U.S. Veterans Fight 4 Equity
WW11 Merchant Mariners Fight 4 Equity
Library of Congress Oral History
J. Wertz: Writer Seeking 1941-1942 Filvets
Unpublished War Diaries
Published War Stories
War Diary of Ramon Alcaraz
Post War Court Cases
Historical Notes
Photo Correction: Death March
WW2 Veterans Advocacy
Guest Webpage: Civilian Internment Camps
Guest Webpage: Manuel L. Quezon
Guest Webpage: New Mexico Nat. Guards
Guest Webpage: Mexican Air Force in the Philippines
Guest Webpage: Japanese Memorials
Guest Webpage: Japanese Occupation
Guest Webpage: Japanese Holdouts

Soldier’s Home State/Country of (military) Record or State/Country of Residence:

California **

Hawaii *  

Oregon ***


Philippines #


AUS- Army of the United States

BNR-Body Not Recovered

BR-Body Recovered

DOW- Died of Wounds

DSC-Distinguished Service Cross (54 recipients)

KIA-Killed in Action

MIA-Missing in Action

POW-Prisoner of War

PA Philippine Army, part of the United States.Armed Forces

PS-Philippine Scout, part of the United States Armed Forces

SWA-Seriously wounded in action by missile

USAFFE United States Armed Forces of the Far East; organized 12/1941 commanded by Gen Douglas MacArthur beginning 7/26/1941

WAS- Women’s Auxiliary Service



Units established in the United States -1st Filipino Inf Bn, 1st Filipino Inf Regt (“Laging Una”), 2nd Filipino Inf Bn, 2nd Filipino Inf Regt, 5217 Recon Bn, 5218th Recon Co and 978th Signal Service Co

Ist Recon Bn (“Come What May”)






Basilio Queja * born 1922 Philippines; enlistment 8/15/1944


Celestino Queja * Filipino Inf Regt


Ismael Quempo * Filipino Inf Regt


Francisco Balquiedra Quesada born 1/29/1924 died 2/1/2008 @ a Henderson Nevada Hospital; Col.; w/ the troop that liberated a Japanese concentration camp in Laguna Philippines PMA 1944 grad; also in the Korean War with the U.N. Airlift Operations. postwar: tireless Filipino American Equity bill advocate; member Pres. Reagan’s U.S. Defense Committee; International Award American Legion; wrote a testimonial for Pilipino Chinese guerrillas called the “Ampaw” Unit of Col Chua Sy Tiao


Elario Questas born 8/6/1886 Philippines; died 2/5/1999; buried Hale Lana Church Cemetery Kahului, Maui Hawaii; also WW1 veteran Army Source:; resident of Honokohau Valley Maui Source Honolulu Star Bulletin 2/15/1999 obit

WW1 Draft Reg residence: Maui; 1920 Maui Hawaii Census

 Additional notes on Mr. Questas: Source by Nestor Palugod Enriquez, Pilipino online historian:  “Questas @ age 15 stowed away on a boat bound for Kauai (fr. the Philippines 1901-M.E.E.); “worked for Pioneer Mill in 1914” “fought two World Wars”


 Jaime Quevedo PS


Jose “Joe” Jaramillo Quevedo Sr. 1st Lt. USAFFE; Death March survivor; suffered shrapnel wound on his leg. Post war: did not continue his studies at the University of the Philippines in Baguio City. "Chief Joe" as he later became popularly known, gave up his dream of becoming a lawyer. Instead, he helped his hometown by serving as a public school teacher, municipal secretary, and long-time Chief of Police of Manaoag, Pangasinan where his father Geronimo Quevedo I has earlier served in the municipal council and where his son Jose Quevedo, Jr. had later served as Vice-Mayor of Manaoag. An older son Geronimo Quevedo II also served as a policeman in Manaoag and Urdaneta, Pangasinan; was chief investigator @ Balatoc Mines (Benguet Consolidated, Inc); founded Laoac Quevedo Anisca Elementary school from the land donated by his father & family (father  of Loreto Q. Dimaandal of Silicon Valley, California, a Filipino community advocate)


Antonio Quezon # born 1919 Philippines; POW in the Philippines 5/7/1942-4/3/1945; Pfc Army PS Inf


Joseph T. Quezon ** born 12/24/1911 Philippines; died 12/25/1992; buried Riverside (CA) National Cemetery; Army Pfc


Manuel Luis Molina Quezon # born 8/19/1878 Baler, Aurora, Philippines; died 8/1/1944 Saranac Lake, New York; remains buried in Arlington National Cemetery; re-interred in the Manila North Cemetery and then finally moved to Quezon Memorial Circle Philippines;  President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines under U.S; Major in the Philippine-American war as aide-de-camp of Philippine President Emilio Aguinaldo; evacuated to U.S during WW11; established the Commonwealth government in exile; Pacific War Council member; signed the U.N. declaration against the Axis Powers


Urbano Quijance # Maj 57th Inf (PS) B Co; S-3 Regtl Hq


Alejandro Quijano * Filipino Inf Regt


Alfredo Quijano # 57th Inf (PS) MSgt


Castor G. Quilang * born Philippines; died 8/19/1944; buried 1/26/1949 National Mem Cemetery of the Pacific; Merchant Marine Casualty


Ildefonso Quilang born Philippines; enlistment


Jose Quilang born Cagayan Philippines; enlistment


Joaquin Quilang born Cagayan Philippines; enlistment


Liborio Quilang war Casualty; died


Perfecto C. Quiming Sgt 1st Reconn Bn of Villasis Pangasinan Philippines


Corazon Quimpo Aklan chapter WAS


Barney A. Quinagon # Cpl 1st Reconn Bn of Vigan Ilocos Sur Philippines


H. Quines Lt


Emilio F. Quinto # 2nd Lt w/ Villamor (PRS) Philippine Regional Section; 1st Reconn Bn


Tomas Quiocho # Cpt died 2003 26th Cavalry Troop C (transferred from Troop A) PS


Richard Quireula * Filipino Inf Regt


Manuel Quizmundo Navy Casualty Ship’s Cook 1c from 10 Whitehead St. Tapinac Olongapo Zambales


Barney Quizon * Filipino Inf Regt


Benvennido “Barney” Quizon born 3/22/1925 Honolulu Hawaii; died 2/5/1995 Kapiolani Medical Center; buried Hawaii State Veterans Cemetery; Army Pfc 1st Filipino Inf ; post-war retired motor vehicle operator Hickam Air Force Base; boxer




Ernesto Rabago * Filipino Inf Regt


Jaime Ragasa * Filipino Inf Regt


Alex Raguini, Sr. 1st Fil Regt


Hilario Rambac * enlistment


Apolinario Ramelb 8/31/1942 MIA, Casualty; Army Pvt


Nemesio Domingo Ramelb * born 12/19/1919; died 5/18/1962; buried National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific; Army Pfc


Leocadio Ramento* Filipino Inf Regt


Alfredo Ramirez Col


Camilo Ramirez # PS; POW escapee; went to Australia; Filipino Regt; Paratrooper, Medic


Jaime A. Ramirez # TSgt 1st Reconn Bn of Urdaneta Pangasinan Philippines


Francisco Ramiro * enlistment


Alfred Ramo * Filipino Inf Regt


Benigno Ramos guerilla


Jose J. Ramos # Sgt 1st Reconn Bn


Melquides Ramos Pfc


Senen R. Ramos ** MSgt 1st Reconn Bn


Anacleto Rania # died 1942 Casualty Ft McKinley; Pvt Co G 57th Inf (PS)


Antonio Tolentino “Tony” Rania * born 12/23/1905 Philippines; died 3/10/1997 California; buried National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific; Pfc Filipino Inf Regt; post-war: ILWU Local 142 president


Marcos Raposas * Filipino Inf Regt


Epifanio Cabanca Ravano Navy Casualty Ship’s Cook 1c from 14 Bugallon St San Juan Rizal


Mariano Realin * born 7/28/1908 Philippines; died 4/1942 Navy Casualty; Officer’s Steward of 304 Dewey Ave Olongapo, Zambales


Augusto Roa Realuyo born 1/19/1921; died 4/25/2003 Manhattan Veterans Affairs Hospital; buried Calverton National Cemetery; Lt PA; Death March; POW 4/9/1942-8/4/1942; post-war became architect in NY; father of Bino Realuyo, well-known poet. Atty. Pompey Realuyo, Augusto’s brother unsuccessfully filed a lawsuit in Manhattan (NY) Federal Courthouse regarding Augusto’s desire to be buried @ the Arlington Cemetery


Mariano Rebaja Col. Death March POW


Gideon Frado Rebistes Navy Casualty Cook 2c from Banga Capiz


Fermin Reboja Navy Casualty Machinist’s Mate 1c from San Marcelino Zambales


Claro M. Recto (spy name Justice) working against Japanese, although he was the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines Puppet Republic, his two sons-in-law, Francisco Mata Gomez and Johnny Ysmael were with Rowe's group of guerrillas


Pedro Redor Tayabas guerrilla


Ceferino Regala Lt. Col. Bataan guerrilla


Cedo Regondola


Anastacio Relamida Navy Casualty Fireman 2c from Tagbilaran Bohol


Benjamin “Ben” Resella born 1917 Philippines; Philippine Army; Death March; POW survivor; Awards: WW11 Victory Medal, Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal, American Defense Medal, Philippine Defense Ribbon, Presidential Unit Emblem Ribbon;  postwar: 20th Century Fox art director, production designer, scenic supervisor, screenplay writer


Maximo Rey Navy Casualty Steward’s Mate 1c from 12 P. Esteban St. Caridad Cavite


Adriano M. Reyes # POW born Philippines


Angel S. Reyes # POW born Philippines


Angelo R. Reyes # POW born Philippines


Bonifacio Reyes # POW born Philippines


Carlos Reyes # POW born Philippines


Cayetano Reyes # POW born Philippines


Conrado C. Reyes # POW born Philippines


David O. Reyes # POW born Philippines


Domingo Reyes # POW born Philippines


Florencio Reyes # POW born Philippines


Francisco Reyes # POW born Philippines


Frederico Reyes # POW born Philippines


Guillermo # Reyes POW born Philippines


Jose B.L. Reyes # guerrilla; POW; was tortured; born 8/19/1902 Manila; died 12/27/1994 Quezon City; buried Loyola Memorial Cemetery; post-war Associate Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court (1954-1972)


German V. Reyes 1st Sgt 1st Reconn Bn.


Manuel Reyes # POW born Philippines


Marciano Reyes # POW born Philippines


Maximino R. Reyes # POW born Philippines


N. Reyes Lt


Napoleon G. Reyes # POW born Philippines


Patricio M. Reyes # POW born Philippines


Paulo Reyes # POW born Philippines


Pedro Reyes # POW born Philippines


Recaredo Reyes # POW born Philippines


Ricardo M. Reyes # POW born Philippines


Romeo Reyes # POW born Philippines


Salvador F. Reyes # POW born Philippines


Sixto Reyes # POW born Philippines


Teodorico Reyes # POW born Philippines


Teodoro Reyes # POW born Philippines


Vicente Abad C. Reyes # POW born Philippines


Victoriano Reyes Navy Casualty Steward 2c from 209 Int 4 Beatta Pandacan Manila


Vidal Reyes # POW born Philippines


Zacarias Reyes # POW born Philippines


Alfred Reynon * enlistment


Francis Reynon * Filipino Inf Regt


Florencio Ribucan * Filipino Inf Regt


Jacinto Ricafrente Navy Casualty Officer’s Cook 1c from 146 Burgos Caridad Cavite


Pastor A. Rillera # SSgt 1st Reconn Bn of San Fabian Pangasinan Philippines


Alejandro Rimando born La Union Philippines POW Casualty


Bimy T. Rimande ** born 1906 Philippines; enlistment 1/27/1944 LA Ca


Bernabe Ringor born Philippines POW


Mariano Ringor born Philippines POW


Prospero Q. Ringor born 6/25/1920; died 3/12/2007; buried Cayanga Cemetery San Fabian Pangasinan; Army Pvt; Co L. 57th Inf (PS); Bataan Defense post-war retired Maj. PA


Apolonio Rinen Army Pfc Hdqtrs Co 57th Inf Regt; Award: Distinguished Service Cross (for 1/ 9 /1942 Samal Bataan)


Agripino Larry Rivera * Filipino Inf Regt


Alfonso Rivera * Filipino Inf Regt


Corazon Dy Rivera nurse treated soldiers


Emeterio Rivera * Filipino Inf Regt


Fortunato C. Rivera # Cpl, 14th Infantry Regt Guerrilla 1942-1945 postwar: resident of Anaheim Ca


John Rivera * Filipino Inf Regt


Tony Rivera


Aldegundo Robles Sgt Army Co L 43d Inf Regt (PS); Award: Distinguished Service Cross (for 2/1/1942)


Eliodoro Gonzales Robles # born 7/3/1923 Paniqui, Tarlac; died 6/20/2004 Richmond, California; buried Rolling Hills Memorial Park; member Philippine resistance movement; postwar: 1st Lt. Phil Army, Deputy Director SEATO, Bangkok, SF Unified Sch District

Ramon Robles # Bulacan Hukbalahap guerrilla

Alejandro Roces Marking guerrilla in Rizal @ 15 yrs of age; brother of Rafael, Jr

Jose Roces guerrilla brother of Rafael, Jr

Rafael Roces Jr guerilla; Ft Santiago POW; executed 8/28/1944 w/ other guerrillas & buried @ Cementerio del Norte

Euniciano Rodriguez Zambales guerrilla

Juan A. Rodriguez # Cpl 1st Reconn Bn


Pedro Rodriguez Navy Casualty Fireman 4c from Lardizabal Interior 2 Sampaloc Manila


Gil S. Rojas 3/19/1925; died 2/14/2007


Faustino Roldan * enlistment


Leonardo Losado Romero born 1910 Philippines; died 10/8/1942; Merchant Marine Casualty ship- Stephen Hopkins; job-Utility


Max Romero Pfc USAFFE; Distinguished Service Cross


Miguel Romualdez # Cpt Philippine Army; Death March


Bayani Romulo post-war: lawyer


Carlos Pena Romulo # born 1/14/1899 Camiling Tarlac; died 12/15/1989 Manila Philippines; buried Libingan ng mga Bayani,Taguig MM Philippines; member of President’s War cabinet (1943-1944) ; Brig Gen Philippine Army 9/1944; member of U.S. Congress while serving as the  Resident Commissioner Commonwealth of the Philippines (1944-1946); landed w/ Gen McArthur in 10/1944 @ Leyte Philippines; U.N. Charter signatory; Pres. Gen Assembly, United Nations (1949-1950); Phil Foreign Affairs Secretary (1949-1951; 1969-1984) Phil Ambassador to U.S. (1952-53; 1955-1962); UP Pres., Sect of Education, diplomat, educator, author, editor,  publisher, etc recipient of 82 honorary degrees & 74 decorations  Awards & Decorations: Philippine Congressional Service Cross, Distinguished Service Star of the Philippines, Phil Gold Cross, Phil Silver Star, Phil Legion of Honor (Commander), Philippine Presidential Medal of Merit U.S. Presidential Medal of Freedom; Purple Heart; Pres Unit-Citation w/ 2 leaf Oak Cluster; Pulitzer Prize, International Journalism; UN Peace Medal


Joseph Ronia * Filipino Inf Regt


Marcial Ronquillo Navy Casualty Steward 2c from 119 Santo Nino St. San Fernando Pampanga


Abundeo Roponte * Filipino Inf Regt


Benitez Roque


Toribio Rosal Filipino Regt


Sabas Rosales Navy Casualty Cook 1c from San Fernando Pampanga


Leandro Rosario Lt.


Benito Rose ** born 1/8/1912; died 3/8/1993 San Francisco; buried in Golden Gate Nat Cemetery; Navy CS2, also served in Korean War; his son (Rudy) served in Vietnam War; his grandson (Christopher) died in Iraq


Federico Rosero Navy Casualty Machinist Mate 3c from 2 Inocencio St San Roque Cavite


Tomas Rosete * born 12/21/1899 Agno Pangasinan Philippines ; died 10/3/1944 Navy Casualty lost @ sea North of Morotai (between Phil & Indonesia aboard USS Seawolf (SS-197) sunk in error by USS Rowell; chief cook of USS Seawolf Awards: Purple Heart, Captain’s Meritorious Mast for Seawolf’s engagements with Japanese forces in 1942 (2/19, 2/25, 3/31, 4/1)

Additional Notes: other casualties included some Pilipinos among the seventeen U.S. Army passengers attached to the 1st Reconnaissance Battalion on their way to the East Coast of Samar, Philippines


Manuel Acuna Roxas # PA Brig General, later Pres of the Philippines; impersonated as a Japanese agent, but in reality a double agent fighting for the Philippine cause


Ramon Ruffy guerrilla; Maj from Bauan, Batangas prewar: Mindoro Philippine Constabulary provincial commander


Alejo Ruiz* Filipino Inf Regt


Julius B. Ruiz ****born 5/19/1907 Phil died 2/1973 Seattle Wash; Sgt 1st Reconn Bn, a historian & writer


Guillermo Rumingan # born 1925 Cabanatuan Nueva Ecija Philippines; Sfc PS Corps of Engineer; courier for Cpt. Juan Pajota; post-war: advocate for PhilAm Veterans Equity Rights


Felix Rupio * Filipino Inf Regt


                     Mi Ultimo Adios

Adios, Patria adorada, region del sol querida,
Perla del Mar de Oriente, nuestro perdido Eden!
A darte voy alegre la triste mustia vida,
Y fuera más brillante más fresca, más florida,
Tambien por tí la diera, la diera por tu bien.

En campos de batalla, luchando con delirio
Otros te dan sus vidas sin dudas, sin pesar;
El sitio nada importa, ciprés, laurel ó lirio,
Cadalso ó campo abierto, combate ó cruel martirio,
Lo mismo es si lo piden la patria y el hogar.

Yo muero cuando veo que el cielo se colora
Y al fin anuncia el día trás lóbrego capuz;
Si grana necesitas para teñir tu aurora,
Vierte la sangre mía, derrámala en buen hora
Y dórela un reflejo de su naciente luz.

Mis sueños cuando apenas muchacho adolescente,
Mis sueños cuando joven ya lleno de vigor,
Fueron el verte un día, joya del mar de oriente
Secos los negros ojos, alta la tersa frente,
Sin ceño, sin arrugas, sin manchas de rubor.

Ensueño de mi vida, mi ardiente vivo anhelo,
Salud te grita el alma que pronto va á partir!
Salud! ah que es hermoso caer por darte vuelo,
Morir por darte vida, morir bajo tu cielo,
Y en tu encantada tierra la eternidad dormir.

Si sobre mi sepulcro vieres brotar un dia
Entre la espesa yerba sencilla, humilde flor,
Acércala a tus labios y besa al alma mía,
Y sienta yo en mi frente bajo la tumba fría
De tu ternura el soplo, de tu hálito el calor.

Deja á la luna verme con luz tranquila y suave;
Deja que el alba envíe su resplandor fugaz,
Deja gemir al viento con su murmullo grave,
Y si desciende y posa sobre mi cruz un ave
Deja que el ave entone su cantico de paz.

Deja que el sol ardiendo las lluvias evapore
Y al cielo tornen puras con mi clamor en pos,
Deja que un sér amigo mi fin temprano llore
Y en las serenas tardes cuando por mi alguien ore
Ora tambien, Oh Patria, por mi descanso á Dios!

Ora por todos cuantos murieron sin ventura,
Por cuantos padecieron tormentos sin igual,
Por nuestras pobres madres que gimen su amargura;
Por huérfanos y viudas, por presos en tortura
Y ora por tí que veas tu redencion final.

Y cuando en noche oscura se envuelva el cementerio
Y solos sólo muertos queden velando allí,
No turbes su reposo, no turbes el misterio
Tal vez acordes oigas de citara ó salterio,
Soy yo, querida Patria, yo que te canto á ti.

Y cuando ya mi tumba de todos olvidada
No tenga cruz ni piedra que marquen su lugar,
Deja que la are el hombre, la esparza con la azada,
Y mis cenizas antes que vuelvan á la nada,
El polvo de tu alfombra que vayan á formar.

Entonces nada importa me pongas en olvido,
Tu atmósfera, tu espacio, tus valles cruzaré,
Vibrante y limpia nota seré para tu oido,
Aroma, luz, colores, rumor, canto, gemido
Constante repitiendo la esencia de mi fé.

Mi Patria idolatrada, dolor de mis dolores,
Querida Filipinas, oye el postrer adios.
Ahi te dejo todo, mis padres, mis amores.
Voy donde no hay esclavos, verdugos ni opresores,
Donde la fé no mata, donde el que reyna es Dios.

Adios, padres y hermanos, trozos del alma mía,
Amigos de la infancia en el perdido hogar,
Dad gracias que descanso del fatigoso día;
Adios, dulce extrangera, mi amiga, mi alegria,
Adios, queridos séres morir es descansar.

           Dr. Jose Rizal, 12/1896, Fort Santiago


Ang Huling Paalam


                               Dr. José Rizal

Pinipintuho kong Bayan ay paalam,

Lupang iniirog ng sikat ng araw,

mutyang mahalaga sa dagat Silangan,

kaluwalhatiang sa ami'y pumanaw.

Masayang sa iyo'y aking idudulot

ang lanta kong buhay na lubhang malungkot;

maging maringal man at labis alindog

sa kagalingan mo ay aking ding handog.

Sa pakikidigma at pamimiyapis

ang alay ng iba'y ang buhay na kipkip,

walang agam-agam, maluag sa dibdib,

matamis sa puso at di ikahapis.

Saan man mautas ay dikailangan,

cipres o laurel, lirio ma'y patungan

pakikipaghamok, at ang bibitayan,

yaon ay gayon din kung hiling ng Bayan.

Ako'y mamamatay, ngayong namamalas

na sa silinganan ay namamanaag

yaong maligayang araw na sisikat

sa likod ng luksang nagtabing na ulap.

Ang kulay na pula kung kinakailangan

na maitina sa iyong liway-way,

dugo ko'y isabong at siyang ikinang

ng kislap ng iyong maningning na ilaw

Ang aking adhika sapul magkaisip

ng kasalukuyang bata pang maliit,

ay ang tanghaling ka at minsan masilip

sa dagat Silangan hiyas na marikit.

Natuyo ang luhang sa mata'y nunukal,

taas na ang noo't walang kapootan,

walang bakas kunot ng kapighatian

gabahid man dungis niyong kahihiyan.

Sa kabuhayang ko ang laging gunita

maningas na aking ninanasa-nasa

ay guminhawa ka ang hiyas ng diwa

hingang papanaw ngayong biglang-bigla.

pag hingang papanaw ngayong biglang-bigla.

Ikaw'y guminhawa laking kagandahang

akoy malugmok, at ikaw ay matanghal,

hiniga'y malagot, mabuhay ka lamang

bangkay ko'y masilong sa iyong Kalangitan.

Kung sa libingan ko'y tumubong mamalas

sa malagong damo mahinhing bulaklak,

sa mga labi mo'y mangyayaring itapat,

sa kaluluwa ko hatik ay igawad.

At sa aking noo nawa'y iparamdam,

sa lamig ng lupa ng aking libingan,

ang init ng iyong paghingang dalisay

at simoy ng iyong paggiliw na tunay.

Bayaang ang buwan sa aki'y ititig

ang iwanag niyang lamlam at tahimik,

liwayway bayaang sa aki'y ihatid

magalaw na sinag at hanging hagibis.

Kung sakasakaling bumabang humantong

sa krus ko'y dumapo kahit isang ibon

doon ay bayaan humuning hinahon

at dalitin niya payapang panahon.

Bayaan ang ningas ng sikat ng araw

ula'y pasingawin noong kainitan,

magbalik sa langit ng boong dalisay

kalakip ng aking pagdaing na hiyaw.

Bayaang sino man sa katotang giliw

tangisang maagang sa buhay pagkitil;

kung tungkol sa akin ay may manalangin

idalangin, Bayan, yaring pagka himbing.

Idalanging lahat yaong nangamatay,

mangagatiis hirap na walang kapantay;

mga ina naming walang kapalaran

na inihihibik ay kapighatian.

Ang mga bao't pinapangulila,

ang mga bilanggong nagsisipagdusa;

dalanginin namang kanilang makita

ang kalayaan mong, ikagiginhawa.

At kung an madilim na gabing mapanglaw

ay lumaganap na doon sa libinga't

tanging mga patay ang nangaglalamay,

huwag bagabagin ang katahimikan.

Ang kanyang hiwagay huwag gambalain;

kaipala'y maringig doon ang taginting,

tunog ng gitara't salterio'y mag saliw,

ako, Bayan yao't kita'y aawitin.

Kung ang libingan ko'y limat na ng lahat

at wala ng kurus at batang mabakas,

bayaang linangin ng taong masipag,

lupa'y asarolin at kauyang ikalat.

At mga buto ko ay bago matunaw

maowi sa wala at kusang maparam,

alabok ng iyong latag ay bayaang

siya ang babalang doo'y makipisan.

Kung magka gayon na'y aalintanahin

na ako sa limot iyong ihabilin

pagka't himpapawid at ang panganorin

mga lansangan mo'y aking lilibutin.

Matining na tunog ako sa dingig mo,

ilaw, mga kulay, masamyong pabango,

ang ugong at awit, pag hibik sa iyo,

pag asang dalisay ng pananalig ko.

Bayang iniirog, sakit niyaring hirap,

Katagalugang ko pinakaliliyag,

dinggin mo ang aking pagpapahimakas;

diya'y iiwan ko sa iyo ang lahat.

Ako'y patutungo sa walang busabos,

walang umiinis at berdugong hayop;

pananalig doo'y di nakasasalot,

si Bathala lamang dooy haring lubos.

Paalam, magulang at mga kapatid

kapilas ng aking kaluluwa't dibdib

mga kaibigan bata pang maliit

sa aking tahanan di na masisilip.

Pag pasasalamat at napahinga rin,

paalam estranherang kasuyo ko't aliw,

paalam sa inyo, mga ginigiliw;

mamatay ay siyang pagkakagupiling!


                    My Last Farewell

Farewell, my adored Land, region of the sun caressed,
Pearl of the Orient Sea, our Eden lost,
With gladness I give you my Life, sad and repressed;
And were it more brilliant, more fresh and at its best,
I would still give it to you for your welfare at most.

         On the fields of battle, in the fury of fight,
Others give you their lives without pain or hesitancy,
The place does not matter: cypress laurel, lily white,
Scaffold, open field, conflict or martyrdom's site,
It is the same if asked by home and Country.

         I die as I see tints on the sky b'gin to show
And at last announce the day, after a gloomy night;
If you need a hue to dye your matutinal glow,
Pour my blood and at the right moment spread it so,
And gild it with a reflection of your nascent light!

         My dreams, when scarcely a lad adolescent,
My dreams when already a youth, full of vigor to attain,
Were to see you, gem of the sea of the Orient,
Your dark eyes dry, smooth brow held to a high plane
Without frown, without wrinkles and of shame without stain.

         My life's fancy, my ardent, passionate desire,
Hail! Cries out the soul to you, that will soon part from thee;
Hail! How sweet 'tis to fall that fullness you may acquire;
To die to give you life, 'neath your skies to expire,
And in your mystic land to sleep through eternity !

         If over my tomb some day, you would see blow,
A simple humble flow'r amidst thick grasses,
Bring it up to your lips and kiss my soul so,
And under the cold tomb, I may feel on my brow,
Warmth of your breath, a whiff of your tenderness.

         Let the moon with soft, gentle light me descry,
Let the dawn send forth its fleeting, brilliant light,
In murmurs grave allow the wind to sigh,
And should a bird descend on my cross and alight,
Let the bird intone a song of peace o'er my site.

         Let the burning sun the raindrops vaporize
And with my clamor behind return pure to the sky;
Let a friend shed tears over my early demise;
And on quiet afternoons when one prays for me on high,
Pray too, oh, my Motherland, that in God may rest I.

         Pray thee for all the hapless who have died,
For all those who unequalled torments have undergone;
For our poor mothers who in bitterness have cried;
For orphans, widows and captives to tortures were shied,
And pray too that you may see you own redemption.

         And when the dark night wraps the cemet'ry
And only the dead to vigil there are left alone,
Don't disturb their repose, don't disturb the mystery:
If you hear the sounds of cithern or psaltery,
It is I, dear Country, who, a song t'you intone.

         And when my grave by all is no more remembered,
With neither cross nor stone to mark its place,
Let it be plowed by man, with spade let it be scattered
And my ashes ere to nothingness are restored,
Let them turn to dust to cover your earthly space.

         Then it doesn't matter that you should forget me:
Your atmosphere, your skies, your vales I'll sweep;
Vibrant and clear note to your ears I shall be:
Aroma, light, hues, murmur, song, moanings deep,
Constantly repeating the essence of the faith I keep.

         My idolized Country, for whom I most gravely pine,
Dear Philippines, to my last goodbye, oh, harken
There I leave all: my parents, loves of mine,
I'll go where there are no slaves, tyrants or hangmen
Where faith does not kill and where God alone does reign.

         Farewell, parents, brothers, beloved by me,
Friends of my childhood, in the home distressed;
Give thanks that now I rest from the wearisome day;
Farewell, sweet stranger, my friend, who brightened my way;
Farewell, to all I love. To die is to rest.

                                                            Jose Rizal



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